Automobiles are motor vehicles that can be used to transport people and cargo. Most modern automobiles use an internal combustion engine that burns a fuel such as gasoline, diesel fuel or kerosene to generate mechanical energy that turns the wheels of the car. The energy is transferred from the engine to the wheels via a transmission system. The term “automobile” usually refers to a passenger car that can seat two to six people, although there are also large buses and other public vehicles (such as omnibuses and coaches) that are designed to carry more than six passengers or small amounts of cargo.
The earliest automobiles were steam or electric power driven, with the first successful gas powered automobile being produced by Henry Ford in 1910. Ford innovated mass production techniques that revolutionized the industry, and his Model T automobile allowed average Americans to afford a personal car for the first time in history. The automobile’s emergence as a popular mode of transportation has had many benefits to society, but it has also created problems such as air pollution and congestion on roads.
PROS OF OWNING A CAR:
Having your own car gives you the freedom to travel wherever and whenever you want. You can visit friends and family, go shopping, take a road trip, or just get out of the house and enjoy the fresh air. Having your own vehicle saves you time from having to rely on others for rides, and it lets you take a different route if there’s traffic or construction.
CONS OF OWNING A CAR:
An automobile’s biggest drawback is that it requires a constant supply of fossil fuel to run. This consumption releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which is a greenhouse gas, and it causes smog and air pollution. The emissions of these gases are also harmful to human health. In addition, most cars require routine maintenance and upkeep, which can be expensive.
The automobile revolutionized many aspects of modern life. It enabled individuals to have more personal freedom, and it created new industries such as gas stations, automotive parts dealers and car dealerships. It also increased social interactions, and it brought about new laws regarding safety, traffic and highway rules and drivers’ licenses. On the negative side, it caused harm to the environment by releasing pollutants into the air and requiring that undeveloped land be cleared for highways. Also, automobiles contribute to sprawl, which can be detrimental to the environment and urban quality of life.